Medical Mnemonics: Major and Minor Criteria for Rheumatic Fever
Medical Mnemonic of the Week: Rheumatic Fever (“JONES CAFE PAL”)
Rheumatic fever occurs after a streptococcal infection (usually caused by Group A Beta-Hemolytic Strep (GABHS)). It is an inflammatory condition that affects the joints, skin, heart and brain. Major criteria are referred to as Jones criteria and can be remembered by the mnemonic of the same name.
Minor criteria include
Diagnosis of rheumatic fever is made after a strep infection (indicated by either throat cultures growing GABHS OR elevated anti-streptolysin O titers in the blood) and:
Mnemonics by themselves are not the answer to remembering everything. However, if you know the basics and underlying issues, then a mnemonic can serve to help you recall the exam details that can easily get lost.
This is the first in our series of Medical Mnemonics Monday posts. You can see all future medical mnemonics here.