Following up on our earlier post this week detailing the new changes in the JNC8 blood pressure target guidelines, we close out #CardioWeek with a look at another high-yield board topic, secondary hypertension. Compared to primary hypertension, secondary hypertension is …
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Internal Medicine Practice Question     A 15-year-old male is brought to the ED after direct blunt trauma to the upper abdomen. The patient has epigastric pain accompanied by vomiting which occurred after the trauma. Vital signs are stable. The …
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Perhaps no topic is as difficult to categorize into the appropriate section of the ABIM Board, NBME Shelf, or USMLE Step exams as is hypertension.   Is elevated blood pressure a topic for General Internal Medicine (we see it more …
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Eosinophilic esophagitis may be a topic that falls into the Gastroenterology and Hepatology section of the ABIM syllabus. But given that it’s becoming more common due to the parallel increasing incidence of allergic disease and asthma, it’s a diagnosis that …
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  Acute Pancreatitis is characterized by an inflammation of the pancreas that appears suddenly and lasts for days. The two main causes of pancreatitis in the US are alcohol intake and gallstones. The major causes of pancreatitis can be remembered …
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The postpartum period can be a chaotic time for many women. Right after birth, women experience an abrupt decline in their estrogen and progesterone levels which are known to help regulate mood states. As a result, many new mothers are …
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A favorite of the USMLE Steps, NBME Internal Medicine Shelf, and ABIM Internal Medicine Board Exams seems to be those ring-shaped lesions picked up on imaging studies. Often, the scenario is a ring lesion identified on a CT head scan …
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It’s Medical Mnemonics Monday!   Renal Papillary Necrosis is a form of nephropathy characterized by coagulative necrosis of the renal medullary pyramids and papillae.  Causes of Papillary Necrosis can be remembered by the mnemonic “POSTCARDS”. Pyelonephritis Obstruction of the urogenital …
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It’s Medical Mnemonics Monday!   Microcytic anemia is defined as “the presence of small, often hypochromic, red blood cells in a peripheral blood smear and is usually characterized by a low MCV.” One of the most popular and well known …
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  It’s Medical Mnemonics Monday! Here’s a new high-yield medical mnemonic and internal medicine board review topic. Hypernatremia is a potentially serious condition where the serum of plasma sodium in an individual exceeds 145mEq/L. The condition is generally seen in …
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