Medical Mnemonics: Features of Horner’s Syndrome
Horner’s Syndrome (Oculosympathetic paresis) is a rare neurologic condition whose symptoms and signs include:
- Ptosis (drooping eyelid)
- Anhidrosis (inability to sweat).
- Miosis (pupil constriction)
- Central: Sympathetic nerves start in the brain and then travel down to the spinal cord and into the chest.
- Peripheral: Sympathetic nerves start from the chest to the neck, arteries, head, and into the eyes.
- S: Sympathetic Nerve Fiber Injury
- A: Anhidrosis
- M: Miosis
- P: Ptosis
- L: Loss of ciliospinal reflex
- E: Enophthalmos